Javascript and PHP Secure Hash Algorithm, SHA-1
Posted by admin on December 28 2009 19:50:37
/*
* A JavaScript implementation of the Secure Hash Algorithm, SHA-1, as defined
* in FIPS PUB 180-1
* Version 2.1a Copyright Paul Johnston 2000 - 2002.
* Other contributors: Greg Holt, Andrew Kepert, Ydnar, Lostinet
* Distributed under the BSD License
* See http://pajhome.org.uk/crypt/md5 for details.
*/

/*
* Configurable variables. You may need to tweak these to be compatible with
* the server-side, but the defaults work in most cases.
*/

var hexcase = 0; /* hex output format. 0 - lowercase; 1 - uppercase */
var b64pad = ""; /* base-64 pad character. "=" for strict RFC compliance */
var chrsz = 8; /* bits per input character. 8 - ASCII; 16 - Unicode */

/*
* These are the functions you'll usually want to call
* They take string arguments and return either hex or base-64 encoded strings
*/

function hex_sha1(s){return binb2hex(core_sha1(str2binb(s),s.length * chrsz));}
function b64_sha1(s){return binb2b64(core_sha1(str2binb(s),s.length * chrsz));}
function str_sha1(s){return binb2str(core_sha1(str2binb(s),s.length * chrsz));}
function hex_hmac_sha1(key, data){ return binb2hex(core_hmac_sha1(key, data));}
function b64_hmac_sha1(key, data){ return binb2b64(core_hmac_sha1(key, data));}
function str_hmac_sha1(key, data){ return binb2str(core_hmac_sha1(key, data));}

/*
* Perform a simple self-test to see if the VM is working
*/

function sha1_vm_test()
{
return hex_sha1("abc") == "a9993e364706816aba3e25717850c26c9cd0d89d";
}

/*
* Calculate the SHA-1 of an array of big-endian words, and a bit length
*/

function core_sha1(x, len)
{
/* append padding */
x[len >> 5] |= 0x80 << (24 - len % 32);
x[((len + 64 >> 9) << 4) + 15] = len;

var w = Array(80);
var a = 1732584193;
var b = -271733879;
var c = -1732584194;
var d = 271733878;
var e = -1009589776;

for(var i = 0; i < x.length; i += 16)
{
var olda = a;
var oldb = b;
var oldc = c;
var oldd = d;
var olde = e;

for(var j = 0; j < 80; j++)
{
if(j < 16) w[j] = x[i + j];
else w[j] = rol(w[j-3] ^ w[j-8] ^ w[j-14] ^ w[j-16], 1);
var t = safe_add(safe_add(rol(a, 5), sha1_ft(j, b, c, d)),
safe_add(safe_add(e, w[j]), sha1_kt(j)));
e = d;
d = c;
c = rol(b, 30);
b = a;
a = t;
}

a = safe_add(a, olda);
b = safe_add(b, oldb);
c = safe_add(c, oldc);
d = safe_add(d, oldd);
e = safe_add(e, olde);
}
return Array(a, b, c, d, e);

}

/*
* Perform the appropriate triplet combination function for the current
* iteration
*/

function sha1_ft(t, b, c, d)
{
if(t < 20) return (b & c) | ((~b) & d);
if(t < 40) return b ^ c ^ d;
if(t < 60) return (b & c) | (b & d) | (c & d);
return b ^ c ^ d;
}

/*
* Determine the appropriate additive constant for the current iteration
*/

function sha1_kt(t)
{
return (t < 20) ? 1518500249 : (t < 40) ? 1859775393 :
(t < 60) ? -1894007588 : -899497514;
}

/*
* Calculate the HMAC-SHA1 of a key and some data
*/

function core_hmac_sha1(key, data)
{
var bkey = str2binb(key);
if(bkey.length > 16) bkey = core_sha1(bkey, key.length * chrsz);

var ipad = Array(16), opad = Array(16);
for(var i = 0; i < 16; i++)
{
ipad[i] = bkey[i] ^ 0x36363636;
opad[i] = bkey[i] ^ 0x5C5C5C5C;
}

var hash = core_sha1(ipad.concat(str2binb(data)), 512 + data.length * chrsz);
return core_sha1(opad.concat(hash), 512 + 160);
}

/*
* Add integers, wrapping at 2^32. This uses 16-bit operations internally
* to work around bugs in some JS interpreters.
*/

function safe_add(x, y)
{
var lsw = (x & 0xFFFF) + (y & 0xFFFF);
var msw = (x >> 16) + (y >> 16) + (lsw >> 16);
return (msw << 16) | (lsw & 0xFFFF);
}

/*
* Bitwise rotate a 32-bit number to the left.
*/

function rol(num, cnt)
{
return (num << cnt) | (num >>> (32 - cnt));
}

/*
* Convert an 8-bit or 16-bit string to an array of big-endian words
* In 8-bit function, characters >255 have their hi-byte silently ignored.
*/

function str2binb(str)
{
var bin = Array();
var mask = (1 << chrsz) - 1;
for(var i = 0; i < str.length * chrsz; i += chrsz)
bin[i>>5] |= (str.charCodeAt(i / chrsz) & mask) << (32 - chrsz - i%32);
return bin;
}

/*
* Convert an array of big-endian words to a string
*/

function binb2str(bin)
{
var str = "";
var mask = (1 << chrsz) - 1;
for(var i = 0; i < bin.length * 32; i += chrsz)
str += String.fromCharCode((bin[i>>5] >>> (32 - chrsz - i%32)) & mask);
return str;
}

/*
* Convert an array of big-endian words to a hex string.
*/

function binb2hex(binarray)
{
var hex_tab = hexcase ? "0123456789ABCDEF" : "0123456789abcdef";
var str = "";
for(var i = 0; i < binarray.length * 4; i++)
{
str += hex_tab.charAt((binarray[i>>2] >> ((3 - i%4)*8+4)) & 0xF) +
hex_tab.charAt((binarray[i>>2] >> ((3 - i%4)*8 )) & 0xF);
}
return str;
}

/*
* Convert an array of big-endian words to a base-64 string
*/

function binb2b64(binarray)
{
var tab = "ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZabcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz0123456789+/";
var str = "";
for(var i = 0; i < binarray.length * 4; i += 3)
{
var triplet = (((binarray[i >> 2] >> 8 * (3 - i %4)) & 0xFF) << 16)
| (((binarray[i+1 >> 2] >> 8 * (3 - (i+1)%4)) & 0xFF) << 8 )
| ((binarray[i+2 >> 2] >> 8 * (3 - (i+2)%4)) & 0xFF);
for(var j = 0; j < 4; j++)
{
if(i * 8 + j * 6 > binarray.length * 32) str += b64pad;
else str += tab.charAt((triplet >> 6*(3-j)) & 0x3F);
}
}
return str;
}

============================================================
You can use the following PHP analog of this algorithum. PHP implementation.
============================================================

<?php
/*
* A PHP implementation of the Secure Hash Algorithm, SHA-1, as defined
* in FIPS PUB 180-1
*/

$signature = '4E9dfU980008786022H0008786022KJHFGJG'; // example string
echo base64_encode( pack ( "H*" , sha1($signature)));

?>